The 7th Global Conference on Materials Science and Engineering
Cuisine & Snacks
Shaanxi Cuisine, also known as Qin Cuisine, is the representative culinary achievement in the northwest China. In comparison to other Chinese cuisines, it is outstanding in three aspects. Firstly, due to Shaanxi's geographical location in the center of China, various kinds of materials deriving from both north and south China are adopted by Shaanxi Cuisine. Second is the special cooking skills of the local chefs, including Tun (deep-fry), Qiang (fry quickly in hot oil, then cook with sauce and water), Chao (stir-fry), Zheng (cook by use of steam), Dun (braise) and so on. Finally, is its frequently use of salt, vinegar, capsicum and garlic, making the savory flavor of sour, spicy and fragrant.

Flatbread in mutton soup (羊肉泡馍)
Flatbread in mutton soup, Yangrou Paomo, is a tasty Xi'an specialty that comprises a mutton soup alongside with wheat flour flat bread. The hard bread is broken up into small pieces. The smaller, the better. Then it is added to the soup. Then the mixture is eaten along with sweet crisp pickled garlic, coriander, and hot pepper sauce.

Jiaozi Banquet (饺子宴)
Jiaozi, Chinese dumplings, consist of a large variety of ingredients wrapped in a thin dough covering. It must be a great pity if you miss enjoying the Xi'an's featured Jiaozi Banquet (西安饺子宴). The Jiaozi served in a Jiaozi banquet are made of merely the finest ingredients and come in unbelievable shapes. They are works of art with their look like butterflies, penguins, leaves, goldfish, ducks, golden ingots, flowers, clouds, and pearls and so on.

Biangbiang Noodles (面)
The noodle is broad and hand-made and is topped with lots of red hot peppers for the cold winter in Shaanxi. This noodle was a poor-man's meal in the countryside, but has recently become popular in trendy restaurants due to its weird character name. Biáng biáng noodles, touted as one of the "ten strange wonders of Shaanxi" (陝西十大怪), are described as being like a belt, due to their thickness and length.

Hulutou (broth with Intestines and tripe) is a local delicacy made of intestine. Before it is served, the customer needs to break the pancake into small pieces, then the chef soaks them in the boiling bone soup three or four times with pork intestine, pork tripe, chicken, sea cucumber and squid on the top. Afterward, lard and greens are added to it. It Is often served with preserved garlic and chili jam.

Zeng Gao(甑糕)
It looks like a glazed layered cake, smells fruity and sweet, and the bite is springy. It tastes especially fresh after feasting on all the meats and noodles you can sample around town. Sweet but not sugary, it's a typical breakfast food. Layers of glutinous rice, dates, and kidney beans are sealed overnight in a special ancient earthen utensil called a zeng, and most restaurants only sell one batch a day.

Guan Tang Baozi (灌汤包子)
One of Xi'an's most famous specialties is the Guan Tang Baozi. They are steamed buns served with piping-hot soup inside and a choice of beef, lamb or 'three flavors' - lamb, mushroom, and prawns. With over ten types of seasoning, they are really quite delicious. With a little bit of vinegar, they can make for a very satisfying meal. They are served at Jia Brothers' Restaurant (贾三灌汤包子馆) in Muslim Snack Street (回民小吃街).

Xi'an meat burger (肉夹馍)
Xi'an meat burger, Rou Jia Mo, is finely chopped pork stuffed in toasted wheat flour flat bread. A piece of good-quality bread and a bowl of mung bean flour soup will cost you less than 10 Yuan. You can find it easily in Xi’an.

Qishan Noodles (岐山面)
Qishan noodles with mashed meat originated In Qishan County, hence the name Qishan noodles. The noodles must be hand-made of good wheat flour. The Ingredients in them Include pork shreds, day lily, egg, wood fungus, and bean curd which are flavored with a variety of spices. The noodles must be made from light purified flour. They are thin, pliable, smooth, hot, watery, greasy, sour, spicy and savory. Qishan noodles with High carbohydrate, high saturated fatty acid, and high nutritive value.

Cold Rice Noodles (凉皮)
Cold noodles is a famous summer snack (also sold in winter) in Xi'an, a kind of steamed cold rice noodles. Generally, there are two kinds of Liang Pi here—Mi Pi (米皮) and Gan Mian Pi (擀面皮), and the differences between them are that the previous one is tasted a little softer and seemed whiter in color. While eaten, the rice noodles are mixed with several kinds of seasonings including special hot red pepper, sauce, salt, vinegar, mashed garlic and bean sprout.

Crispy Fried Noodles(金线油塔 )
It is a traditional snack in Xian originated from the Tang Dynasty, which is noted for its complicated cooking skill, delicious flavor and unique appearance. The steamed noodles are often eaten with some tasty sauces. Besides of the local restaurants, it is easily for you to enjoy this snack in the city's streets or lanes at a very reasonable price.

Kettle Oil Tea (油茶)
Tea is a very common drink in China, but in different parts of this country this drink with its special local color. In Xi'an, people like drinking oil tea. When boiling tea, the wheat flour and all kinds of condiments are mixed up and put into the boiling water slowly. Then the almond, benniseed, the long-shaped, sauce, salt flour, pepper, and monosodium glutamate are put into the boiling tea soup at a simmer and stirred until the color becomes yellow.

Pomegranate Juice (石榴汁)
After the pomegranate is opened by scoring it with a knife and breaking it open, the seeds are separated from the peel and internal white pulp membranes. Separating the seeds is easier in a bowl of water because the seeds sink and the inedible pulp floats. Pomegranate juice is made from the fruit of the pomegranate. It is used in cooking both as a fresh juice and as a concentrated syrup. Pomegranate juice stands pop up around town every fall.

Special Tips:

Almost all the snacks in Xi’an can be found in the Local Snacks Street (回民小吃街). Local Snacks Street (Moslem Street) is near Drum Tower (鼓楼) in Muslim Square (穆斯林广场). On the two sides of the 500-meter street, there are many restaurants of different cuisines along with unique snack shops. Even the mutton sticks, barbecued stuffs there are different from other parts of China. Not to mention, it is cheap since the stalls are mostly catered to the locals. Do not expect posh restaurants there, but some plain, clean stretch of stalls with benches. Do expect a lot of mutton and beef and definitely no pork there.
The 7th Global Conference on Materials Science and Engineering (CMSE 2018)
Conference Secretary: Li Ling, Christine Ye     Email:     Tel: +86-13627122479
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